1. In its broad sense discrimination meansethnocentrism.viewing people with different characteristics negatively.recognizing differences among items or people.illegal employment practices.2. The major provision of the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 is thatpregnant employees are to be given 12 weeks family leave without pay.pregnant employees are entitled to 12 weeks of paid maternity leave.maternity leave is to be treated the same as other personal or medical leaves.employers can not discriminate against employees based on marital status.3. Fernando is an entrepreneur and his start-up company that provides small electricity-generating wind power for individual homes is growing. Fernando has asked you an HR consultant to help him set up HR systems for his company. Fernando is concerned that he will have to develop an affirmative action plan and fears that this will severely restrict his ability to hire the kinds of employees he feels necessary. You tell Fernando that he will NOT have to develop an AAP plan as long as he does all the following EXCEPThe does not take any government contracts over $50000.he keeps the number of employees under 50.his company does not engage in discriminatory practices and does not have a history of such practices.he keeps the company privately owned e.g. the company stock does not trade on a stock exchange.4. established the importance of proving discriminatory intent when an individual sues an employer for discrimination.placed the burden of proof on the employer to show that the practice in question is actually a business necessity.clarified that the employer s past practices were not relevant in proving a discrimination complaint.demonstrated that tests of intelligence are not discriminatory even if they have a disparate impact on a protected class.

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