Theory In Manning Marable and Leith Mullings Let Nobody Turn Us Around, the authors write, Throughout their entire history as a people, African Americans have created themselves. In their study of the social and political theory in African American life in the US, they write that there were three competing strategic visions of how to best achieve group empowerment and self-organization”: Black nationalism, Integrationism, and transformation.

Using the books by Marable and Mullings, Ula Taylor, and Chana Kai Lee, in this paper, you will argue which strategic vision is the most important vision for a more equal racial future.


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